The origin of the monastic movement begins in the 3rd and 4th centuries, CE, in the deserts surrounding Israel. The mission of the church is the Great Commission (Matt. The church is the bride of Christ, particularly loved by him, saved by his sacrificial work on the cross, exclusively devoted to him, and increasingly adorned in beauty for him, the Bridegroom. The church is the new covenant people of God. 1987 The General Assembly authorized the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Foundation on January 6, 1987 to act as the fiduciary corporation of the Presbyterian Church … Jesus teaches that his death ratifies the new covenant (Luke 22:20), and so does Paul (1 Cor. 11:23–26). pastor Sam Wagon. The church has its origin in the eternal purposes of God. The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. 4:4–5; 1 John 3:1), people who know God as Father and each other as brothers and sisters. The Black church in the United States can be traced back to the enslavement of Black people in the 18th and 19th centuries. According to Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea, as well as Coptic traditions, Saint Mark the evangelist, who wrote the earliest of the four New Testament gospels, was the founder and first bishop of the Church of Alexandria, even before the Church of Rome was established. The Church teaches that it was Jesus’ task to accomplish God’s plan of salvation, writes Cathal Barry. Church history, or the history of the Christian Faith, began about 30 A.D. in Palestine with a small number of Jews and Jewish Proselytes, about 120 according to Acts 1:15, following the resurrection of Jesus Christ.By the third century A.D., Christianity had grown to become the dominant religion of the northern Mediterranean world. Such designation is not a denominational name nor the only exclusive name by which the Bible refers to the church. There is no stronger or surer foundation on which the church may be built, and any church which is established upon a different principle does not have that distinctive, essential feature which marks it as a true church of Christ. Followers embrace the sacraments of baptism and holy communion. Later, God called Abraham from a family of sun-worshippers and enters into a covenant with him, promising to be his god, both to him and his descendants (Gen. 17:7). In the local church, there is a sharing of life together, growing in maturity together, ministering together, worshipping together, and witnessing together. Local churches are significant in his theology, and they are crucial in his mission strategy. He chose disciples, spent time with them, taught them about the kingdom of God, casted out demons, performed miracles, and predicted his death and resurrection. With so many different churches existing in the world today, with conflicting doctrines, you may be wondering why it's important that Jesus Christ should be the builder and foundation of the church. The Presbyterian Church today finds it theological roots in the writings of John Calvin. Jesus is not only the Origin, Foundation, Support of the Church, but he gives it its shape and form, he determines the place and the office of each stone, he gives life and character to each member. Listen in as we explore the topic further in this lesson, “The Origin and Foundation.” Topical Index Page. By his preaching of the Reign of God, Jesus inaugurated the Church and ushered in the kingdom of heaven on earth. He determined to call into his holy Church those who believed in Christ. The church is the new humanity (Eph. 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